Many individuals suffer from eye problems, and most of us will experience some type of vision problem during our lifetimes, if only the effects of aging on our eyesight. If you have perfect eyesight and have never experienced an eye problem, you are in the minority. However, many eye problems are minor and can be easily treated by an eye doctor or eye surgeon.
Eye fatigue – sometimes called eye strain, eye fatigue is much more common since computers have become a regular part of our everyday lives. Eye fatigue can be alleviated by taking frequent breaks from the computer screen, following good posture, and exercising your eyes by allowing them to focus on distant objects periodically.
Eye infections – especially common in children, eye infections may be caused by sickness or by coming into contact with certain substances or germs. Most eye infections do not create permanent vision problems if promptly treated by a qualified ophthalmologist.
Eye injury – eye injuries can be caused by trauma or abrasion. Many individuals suffer injuries to their eyes from contact lenses which are improperly cleaned or damaged. Most eye injuries can be treated, though more severe injuries may result in vision or eye loss.
Eye Allergies – allergic reactions that result in itchy, red, watery or swollen eyes. Allergies that affect the eyes are known as allergic conjunctivitis.
Nearsightedness – myopia is a common eye problem which makes it difficult for your eyes to see distant objects clearly. While there is no known cure for nearsightedness, many individuals choose to treat nearsightedness with contact lenses, glasses, or LASIK surgery.
Farsightedness – also known as hyperopia, individuals with farsightedness have difficulty seeing close objects with clarity. Farsightedness can be treated with surgery or vision aids.
Glaucoma – a condition caused by increased pressure inside the eye, glaucoma can lead to blindness, but is treatable if diagnosed in early enough stages.
Computer Vision Syndrome – focusing for long periods of time on a computer screen can cause the eyes to develop nearsightedness over time. Computer ergonomics can help reduce the strain put on the eye from extended periods of computer use.
Aging eyes – the product of your eyes aging is often difficulty focusing on near or far objects.
Presbyopia Loss of the elasticity of the lens of the eye causing farsightedness typically in middle and old age. This condition is often treated with reading glasses or contact lenses.
Color Vision Problems – common condition where it becomes difficult to distinguish between certain colors. Color blindness can be inherited or the be result of other factors.
Astigmatism – occurring when the shape of the cornea is elongated, rather than circular, astigmatism makes it difficult to focus. Astigmatism is often treated with “hard” contact lenses which imitate the effects of a round cornea. Astigmatism can also sometimes be treated by laser vision surgery.
Cataracts – a milky substance that covers the surface of the cornea, cataracts are a progressive condition that eventually causes partial or complete blindness. Fortunately, cataracts can be treated with intraocular lenses like Crystalens and ReSTOR® that are used in lens replacement surgery.
Retinal Detachment – a condition where the nerve layer of the eye becomes separated from the wall of the eye
Macular Degeneration – a broad range of conditions that affect the retina and underlying pigment cells. There are two forms: 1) the abnormal growth of blood vessels; 2) the abnormal accumulation of protein debris. Both resulting in abnormal functioning of the nerve cells.
Dry Eyes – Condition where the eye allows too much of its moisture to evaporate. The oil produced by glands in the eye may become clogged or produce too little to be effective to keep the eyes optimally moisturized.
If you are in the New York City area and are experiencing any of these types of common eye problems, please contact New York eye surgeon Dr. James Kelly at Kelly Laser Center today, to learn more about treatment options available to patients in your area, and in Manhattan and Long Island New York.