If you are able to see distant objects with clarity, but close objects seem to be out of focus or blurry, you suffer from a condition called farsightedness, or hyperopia. Farsightedness affects as much as a fourth of the U.S. population, and may vary in its degrees of severity. Hyperopia is treatable with a number of techniques, and may be permanently corrected. Farsightedness caused by hyperopia may become apparent at any age, as opposed to presbyopia, a condition which creates farsightedness in individuals as they age.
Farsightedness is a condition which makes distant objects appear in focus but near objects appear blurry. This may mean that only extremely distant objects appear in sharp focus, or that objects at middle distance are in focus, while near objects are blurry. Farsightedness may occur at any age, but is common in children, who may grow out of the condition as they grow and their eyes mature.
Cause of Farsightedness
The reason that some individuals can only see distant objects with clarity rests in the shape of the eyes’ cornea. The convex front surface of the eye should be semi-spherical, or circular, to allow light to pass through and translate to the optic nerve as clear images. When the cornea is too steep, it creates nearsightedness. The cornea being too shallow, or flat, creates farsightedness.
Treatment for Farsightedness
There are a variety of treatments available for farsightedness. The ideal treatment reshapes the cornea or lens so that light passing through to the center of the eye refracts in a way that allows nearby objects to appear in focus. However, many vision aids can be used to create clear vision:
While each of these treatments may be similar in cost, only laser vision correction is considered a permanent treatment that does not need to be repeated. Depending on the health of your eyes or the severity of your condition, a certain type of vision correction surgery may be preferred over others.
To find out what type of laser vision correction is best to correct your farsightedness, please contact New York LASIK eye surgeon Dr. James Kelly, today at Kelly Laser Center, serving New York in Long Island, Manhattan, and New York City.